when to do pregnancy test

Understanding Menstrual Cycle

Experiencing motherhood is a divine feeling for every woman. Pregnancy comes with a good news but also lot of questions and doubts, especially to those who are expecting it first time.

Understanding your Menstrual Cycle is really essential as it plays the most important part for motherhood. Let’s understand how your menstrual cycle and pregnancy are related.

Menstrual cycle causes egg development in female body. When male sperm meets the female egg, it gives birth to a new life. Also, woman’s body undergo a lot of changes, especially during beginning and end of the cycle.

Hormones, the chemical messengers play a vital role in each stage of menstrual cycle.

Below are answers to the most common questions which might arise in your mind while planning pregnancy.

How long is the menstrual cycle?
The number of days in a menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of a period to the day before the next period. Generally, the average duration of a menstrual cycle is assumed to be around 28 days, although many women have longer or shorter cycles usually.

What happens during the menstrual cycle?
Menstrual cycle is divided into four phases: Menstrual Phase, Follicular Phase, Ovulation Phase and Luteal Phase.

Menstrual Phase:

Day 1st to 7th of a menstrual cycle is considered as Menstrual Phase. Shedding off the uterus lining in this phase makes you experience bleeding, cramps, fatigue, body pain, which is worst in first 3 days. You also undergo emotional changes causing frequent mood swings. But from 3rd and 4th day onwards, as soon as your period ends you start feeling quite relieved, energetic and accelerated. This energy rise is because of estrogen.

Follicular Phase:

You have started glowing now. Yes, your mirror can tell you. If you missed to notice, others must have told you – your face looks vibrant; your skin is shining. This is because of the boost in estrogen and testosterone. That is when the Follicular Phase begins. In this phase, a hormone named Follicle Stimulating Hormone–FSH is released that stimulates ovary to produce mature eggs. Fluid cavities of ovary are called follicles and each follicle has one underdeveloped egg. Stimulation of multiple follicles leads to the production of estrogen. Also, it thickens the lining of womb and helps in conceiving.

  • flow chart

Ovulation Phase:

Craving for mistimed munchies? Feeling excited for no reason? Even a little pleasure or little praise is making you feel being on the top of the world? Yeah, it’s quit justifiable because the estrogen is on its peak level.

As a matter of fact, estrogen hormone regulates your menstrual cycle. Estrogen is also responsible for healthy bones, heart and also mood. Many of the women believe 14this the day of ovulation but it might vary. Ovulation is the time when the mature egg gets released from the follicle. The follicle that releases mature egg is the dominant one among all follicles. Released egg can survive only for 24 hours.

If sperm is available in this period fertilization takes place. Days leading to ovulation and the ovulation day are the most fertile ones. It is the time when a woman has maximum chances of getting pregnant.

Luteal Phase:

Feeling like skipping meetings, conversations or keeping away from your social circle? Now you can realize the pre-menstrual symptoms (PMS) has arrived. This phase is called Luteal Phase when progesterone hormone further builds up the womb for a fertilized egg. It’s the time when women experience the symptoms of pre-menstrual tension such as breast tenderness, bloating, lethargy, depression and irritability. In Luteal Phase you have two possibilities.

1. If the egg is not fertilized: Estrogen and progesterone levels go down. This is the start of next period or say the beginning of next menstrual cycle.

2. If the egg is fertilized: Fertilized egg implants into the womb lining. This usually occurs about a week after fertilisation. Post fertilization, the body produces HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin). It’s responsible for placenta formation for baby.

  • flow chart2
when to do pregnancy test